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阅读 >  备考雅思阅读练习和答案详解

备考雅思阅读练习和答案详解

2018-08-23 17:42:20阅读(

  所有雅思阅读方法技巧都需要反复做题去巩固,自己不足的地方也只有通过做题才能显现。

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练习也是有技巧的,不能盲目瞎做。把每一次阅读练习都当做考试,时间一个小时,三篇阅读,没有手机,没有字典,没有参考资料,没有笔记。只有这样,在考场上才有可能在50分钟内做完题目(十分钟的誊写答案以及检查时间)。

【雅思精读】雅思考试阅读练习及答案详解(4)图1

1.雅思阅读材料

StudyFindsWebAntifraudMeasureIneffective

February5,2007NewYork

1.Internetsecurityexpertshavelongknownthatsimplepasswordsdonotfullydefendonlinebankaccountsfromdeterminedfraudartists.Nowastudysuggeststhatapopularsecondarysecuritymeasureprovideslittleadditionalprotection.

2.Thestudy,producedjointlybyresearchersatHarvardandtheMassachusettsInstituteofTechnology,lookedatatechnologycalledsite-authenticationimages.Inthesystem,currentlyusedbyfinancialinstitutionslikeBankofAmerica,INGDirectandVanguard,onlinebankingcustomersareaskedtoselectanimage,likeadogorchesspiece,thattheywillseeeverytimetheylogintotheiraccount.

3.Theideaisthatifcustomersdonotseetheirimage,theycouldbeatafraudulentWebsite,dummieduptolookliketheirbank’s,andshouldnotentertheirpasswords.

4.TheHarvardandM.I.T.researcherstestedthathypothesis.InOctober,theybrought67BankofAmericacustomersintheBostonareaintoacontrolledenvironmentandaskedthemtoconductroutineonlinebankingactivities,likelookingupaccountbalances.Buttheresearchershadsecretlywithdrawntheimages.

5.Of60participantswhogotthatfarintothestudyandwhoseresultscouldbeverified,58enteredpasswordsanyway.Onlytwochosenottologon,citingsecurityconcerns.

6.“Thepremiseisthatsite-authenticationimagesincreasesecuritybecausecustomerswillnotentertheirpasswordsiftheydonotseethecorrectimage,”saidStuartSchechter,acomputerscientistattheM.I.T.LincolnLaboratory.“Fromthestudywelearnedthatthepremiseisrightlessthan10percentofthetime.”

7.Headded:“Ifabankweretoaskmeiftheyshoulddeployit,Iwouldsayno,waitforsomethingbetter,”hesaid.

8.Thesystemhassomehigh-powersupportersinthefinancialservicesworld,manytryingtocomplywithnewonlinebankingregulations.In2005,theFederalFinancialInstitutionsExaminationCouncil,aninteragencybodyoffederalbankingregulators,determinedthatpasswordsalonedidnoteffectivelythwartintruderslikeidentitythieves.

9.Itissuednewguidelines,askingfinancialWebsitestofindbetterwaysforbanksandcustomerstoidentifyeachotheronline.January2007wassetasthecompliancedate,thoughthecouncilhasyettobeginenforcingthemandate.

10.Banksimmediatelyknewwhattheydidnotwanttodo:askcustomerstodownloadnewsecuritysoftware,orcarryaroundhardwaredevicesthatfeedthemPINcodestheycanusetoauthenticatetheiridentities.Bothsolutionswouldaddanextralayerofsecuritybut,thebanksbelieved,detractfromtheconvenienceofonlinebanking.

11.Theimagesystem,introducedin2004byaSiliconValleyfirmcalledPassMarkSecurity,offeredbanksapain-freeadditiontotheirsecurityarsenals.BankofAmericawasamongthefirsttoadoptit,inJune2005,underthebrandnameSiteKey,askingits21millionWebsiteuserstoselectanimagefromthousandsofpossiblechoicesandtochooseauniquephrasetheywouldseeeverytimetheyloggedin.

12.SiteKey“givesourcustomersafairlyeasywayofauthenticatingtheBankofAmericaWebsite,”saidSanjayGupta,ane-commerceexecutiveatthebank.“Itwasverywellreceived.”

13.TheHarvardandM.I.T.researchers,however,foundthatmostonlinebankingcustomersdidnotnoticewhentheSiteKeyimageswereabsent.Whenrespondentsloggedinduringthestudy,theysawasitemaintenancemessageonthescreenwheretheirimageandphrasesshouldhavebeenpictured.Theerrormessagealsohadaconspicuousspellingmistake,furthersuggestingsomethingfishy.

14.Mr.GuptaofBankofAmericasaidhewasnottroubledbytheresultsofthesurvey,andstressedthatSiteKeyhadmadethebank’sWebsitemoresecure.Healsosaidthatthesystemwasonlyasinglepartofalargersecurityblanket.“It’snotlikewe’rebettingthebankonSiteKey,”hesaid.

15.Mostfinancialinstitutions,likeBankofAmerica,haveotherwaystotellifacustomerislegitimate.Thebanksoftendropasmallsoftwareprogram,calledacookie,ontoauser’sPCtoassociatethecomputerwiththecustomer.Ifthecustomerlogsinfromanothermachine,hemaybeaskedpersonalquestions,likehismother’smaidenname.

16.RachnaDhamija,theHarvardresearcherwhoconductedthestudy,pointsoutthatswindlerscanusetheirdummyWebsitestoaskcustomersthosepersonalquestions.Shesaidthatthestudydemonstratedthatsite-authenticationimagesarefundamentallyflawedand,worse,mightactuallydetractfromsecuritybygivingusersafalsesenseofconfidence.

17.RSASecurity,thecompanythatboughtPassMarklastyear,“hasalotofgreatdataonhowSiteKeyinstillstrustandconfidenceandgoodfeelingsintheircustomers,”Ms.Dhamijasaid.“Ultimatelythatmightbewhytheyadoptedit.Sometimestheappearanceofsecurityismoreimportantthansecurityitself.”(811words)

2.雅思阅读题目

Questions1-5

Dothefollowingstatementsagreewiththeinformationgiveninthepassage?Pleasewrite

TRUEifthestatementagreeswiththewriter

FALSEifthestatementdoesnotagreewiththewriter

NOTGIVENifthereisnoinformationaboutthisinthepassage

1.Accordingtointernetsecurityexperts,secondarysecuritymeasuresprovidelittleadditionalprotectionagainstfraud.

2.IntheHarvardandMITstudy,twosubjectsdidn’tlogonwithoutseeingthecorrectpictures.

3.AccordingtoSchechter,morethan90%ofonlinebankingcustomersstudiedloggedonwithoutseeingtherightpictures.

4.Theimagesystemistheonlysecuritymeasurethatthebanksmentionedinthepassagehavecurrently.

5.BankofAmericaisthefirstbankthatadoptedtheimagesystem.

Questions6-13

AnswerthefollowingquestionsorcompletethefollowingsentencesbychoosingNOMORETHANTHREEWORDSforeachanswer.

6.WhatisINGDirectandVanguard?

7.WhatmightonlinebankingcustomersbecheatedtogiveatafraudulentWebsite?

8.Whatmaystoponlinebankingcustomersfromusingnewverificationmethods?

9.Thekeytoonlinebankingsecurityistoverifythe______ofcustomers.

10.WhereisPassMarkSecuritylocated?

11.WhatisthereasonwhySiteKeyispopularamongonlinebankingcustomers?

12.WhatwasusedinsteadofimagesintheHarvardandM.I.T.study?

13.Howmanysecuritymethodsarementionedinthispassage?

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